Emergency high-loop jejunostomy as enteral nutrition access: a simple and safe method.
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2008 Jan-Feb;32(1):94-7.
Pacelli F, Rotondi F, Rosa F, Bossola M, Papa V, Tortorelli AP, Sollazzi L, Doglietto GB.
Department of Surgical Sciences, Digestive Surgery Unit, Catholic University, School of Medicine, Rome, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org
BACKGROUND: Emergency high-loop jejunostomies are seldom used for nutrition access in the clinical practice. METHODS: This paper describes the results of a simple and safe technique that uses emergency high-loop jejunostomy as an enteral feeding access. A feeding tube is inserted into the efferent loop of the jejunostomy and then subcutaneously tunneled. In this way, whenever it becomes necessary, the bag collecting fluids from the afferent loop can be changed without removing the tube, which remains permanently inserted into the efferent loop and secured to the skin in order to avoid displacements. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients with high-loop jejunostomy were consecutively treated with the described technique during the period 2000-2006. The mean distance between the ligament of Treitz and tube was 38.3 +/- 16.2 cm. After an induction period, all patients received full-strength enteral nutrition and were discharged after a mean of 25.1 +/- 19.5 days of treatment. All patients were subsequently readmitted to our unit, and their ostomies were successfully closed. No major early and late complications were observed; particularly, no patient experienced local or systemic septic complications. Conclusion: From the analysis of our results, the described method for delivering enteral nutrition through an emergency high-loop ostomy proves easy to apply and clinically effective. Enteral nutrition can be started as soon as possible after operation through the efferent loop of the ostomy; the management of the jejunostomy is simple and safe, with no additional discomfort for the patients.