Pancreas-preserving total gastrectomy for gastric cancer
Arch Surg 2000; 135:89-94
BACKGROUND: Pancreas-preserving total gastrectomy for gastric cancer has been proposed to remove lymph nodes along the upper border of the pancreas without performing a distal pancreatic resection. However, the original technique includes the ligation of the splenic artery at its origin and thus carries the risk of pancreatic necrosis. HYPOTHESIS: A technique of pancreas-preserving total gastrectomy that includes ligation of the splenic artery approximately 5 cm distally from the root may reduce the risk of postoperative pancreatic necrosis. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Both primary and referral hospital care. PATIENTS: Hospital records of 228 consecutive patients who, according to a personal technique, underwent D3 pancreas-preserving total gastrectomy for gastric cancer from 1981 to 1997 were reviewed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgical complications, postoperative deaths, and survival. RESULTS: Hospital morbidity and mortality were 33.3% and 3.9%, respectively. No patients experienced pancreatic necrosis. The 5-year survival rate after curative resection was 53.6%: 96.9% for stage IA, 76.3% for stage IB, 63.0% for stage II, 35.6% for stage IIIA, 27.0% for stage IIIB, and 20.3% for stage IV (N3-positive patients) disease. CONCLUSION: Results of the present study show the efficacy of this method of radical resection for gastric cancer as demonstrated by the low incidence of postoperative complications and high survival rates.